Lottelinde Janmaat did this research for the Dutch Embassy in Brasil and the Ministery of Infrastructure and the Environment.
São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Brasília/ Distrito Federal (DF-Federal District) are the cities where this report focuses on. The report includes an analysis of the possibilities for Dutch companies and knowledge institutes in this sector. The support of the Dutch government in realizing these possibilities is dealt with in the last part of this report, concluding with the most important conclusions and recommendation.
There are major obstacles to be overcome in urban mobility in Brazil. The chaos on the roads, congestion, traffic fatalities and environmental pollution are some of the problems most
Brazilian cities have to deal with. After years of stimulating the car industry and a lack of investments in public transportation, the policy of urban mobility has shifted towards a focus on public transportation and non-motorized transportation. The Programa de Aceleração de Crescimento (PAC-Programme of Accelerated Growth) provides R$ 46 billion in financing and investment through several urban mobility packages (such as a package for big cities, medium
cities, and the Word Cup). In order to benefit from the Federal investment programme,
municipalities and states have to provide projects and a part of the investment. A new
progressive national law has been accepted in 2012 that obliges cities with over 20.000 inhabitants to provide an urban mobility plan (Law 12.587/ 2012). These plans have to address certain elements, most important are: prioritising public transportation and non-motorised transportation, together with social inclusion of all groups of society. After the protests that look
place in various cities in Brazil (June 2013), an additional investment of R$ 50 billion in urban mobility has been promised.
Chances for Dutch companies and knowledge institutes lay in the area of integrated urban mobility. Brazilian mobility planning has been mainly focussed on constructing more roads, although the focus of the Federal and local government shifted towards investment in public
transportation, integrated mobility plans still seem somehow to lack behind. And it is exactly an integrated approach that Brazilian cities are in need of, this approach is where the expertise of Dutch companies and knowledge institutes comes in handy. Knowledge and experiences with ITS together with the integration of different modalities and the use of non-motorized transport makes the Dutch case interesting for Brazil. ITS is on the radar of Brazilian companies and local
governments, but there is still not enough knowledge on how to use it and where to apply these technologies. The political willingness to priorities non-motorised transportation provides another chance. The Dutch expertise in integrated cycling mobility, integrating the bicycle within different aspects of urban mobility, attracts the attention of Brazilian urban mobility bodies. The interest in Dutch expertise on cycling, should be used to give attention to the Dutch knowledge
on ITS and integrated urban mobility.
The Dutch government can provide support for companies and knowledge institutes by utilising their contacts within the Brazilian government and inside knowledge of the Brazilian 4 urban mobility context. The focus should be on missions and visits to the Netherlands and could be combined with studies in the area of cycling, ITS, traffic safety and sustainability.
Matchmaking and collaboration between Dutch and Brazilian parties is another important aspect where the Dutch government can provide their support. Concerning cycling inclusive mobility, Memorandums of Understanding (MoU’s) between interested parties will help the possibilities between the Netherlands and Brazil. The Partners for International Business (PIB) programme will help the Dutch ITS sector to formulate a common plan.